The first museum of Turkey

The first museum of Turkey: St.lrene

THE OTTOMAN BAND OF MUSICIANS HAD BEEN ORGANISING CONCERTS IN 1914 IN ST. IRENE, THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN ERA. THIS TRADITION CAUGHT AGAIN THANKS TO THE INTERNATIONAL ISTANBUL FESTIVAL STILL CONTINUES.

The works exhibited for the last time in St. Irene before being moved to Nigde in 1940. These works are now exposed in the Harbiye Military Museum. (The source of the photo is the Collection of Gokhan Akgura, Istanbul Encyclopedia)
The Roman Emperor Constantinus I. had called Hagia Sophia “,Holy Might” and he had named St.lrene “Divine Safety”. Built on the remains of the temples of Aphrodite, Artemis and Apollon at the beginning of the 4th century and where actually many concerts and art performances are staged, the edifice has a very active past. The church built on the outer courtyard of the Topkapi Palace h

The first museum of Turkey: St.lrene

THE OTTOMAN BAND OF MUSICIANS HAD BEEN ORGANISING CONCERTS IN 1914 IN ST. IRENE, THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN ERA. THIS TRADITION CAUGHT AGAIN THANKS TO THE INTERNATIONAL ISTANBUL FESTIVAL STILL CONTINUES.

The works exhibited for the last time in St. Irene before being moved to Nigde in 1940. These works are now exposed in the Harbiye Military Museum. (The source of the photo is the Collection of Gokhan Akgura, Istanbul Encyclopedia)
The Roman Emperor Constantinus I. had called Hagia Sophia “,Holy Might” and he had named St.lrene “Divine Safety”. Built on the remains of the temples of Aphrodite, Artemis and Apollon at the beginning of the 4th century and where actually many concerts and art performances are staged, the edifice has a very active past. The church built on the outer courtyard of the Topkapi Palace had been burnt during the Nika rebellion and had been restored again with Hagia Sophia during the reign of the Emperor Justinianos. The three earthquakes happened in the 8th and 9th centuries had caused serious damages to the edifice.
After the conquest of Istanbul, the church had remained within the walls of “Sur-i Sultani” surrounding the Topkapi Palace and it had been used as arsenal until the reign of Ahmed III. The Ottomans hadn’t transformed the church into the mosque and had preferred to use it as warehouse first and then “museum”.

THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN

The edifice was restored in 1726 upon the order of Ahmed III. and it was opened to the public visit. Many precious collections, Qurans and trusts sent from various provinces of the empire were gathered here and an epitaph written “Daru’l-Esliha” was placed on the door. The edifice was pillaged during the Janissary rebellion and it was transformed again to an arsenal called “Army Arsenal” in 1839. In 1846, it was opened as the museum.

A view from the dome and some of the works exhibited in the edifice
The interior of St.Irene Church first museum of Turkey with its design composed of two divisions thanks to the undertaking of the Artillery Field Marshal Ahmed Fethi Pasha. In the first division, armors, helmets, swords, weapons and military devices were exhibited; the mummies, sarcophagi and epitaphs from Egypt were exposed in the second division. The works exhibited in the second division were moved to Qi- nili K6$k (Pavilion with painted tiles) during the reign of Abdulhamid and thus, the first steps were taken for the construction of the actual Archaeology Museum. St.Irene losing its significance during the era of Abdulaziz was transformed again to the arsenal and remained in this state until the declaration of the 2nd Constitution…

A “museum commission” set up in 1908 began to collect again all precious works in St.Irene. The monthly allocation to the museum was 500 kurush (piaster); but this money was not enough at that time so an entrance fee was collected in order to rise the income; the fee was 100 para (one fortieth of a kurush) on Fridays and 4 kurush the other days. The visitors were also able to try shootings by paying 40 kurush and to listen to various hymns at the organ playing music with I kurush. Some part of St.Irene was arranged as a cinema and the Ottoman band of musisians gave concerts for the first time in 1914. So the exceptional acoustics of the main room was discovered many years ago.

This article is published for EnmarBg. For more interesting information about adventure Bulgaria tour, please visit www.enmarbg.com .

Portraits of Van

Nearly all of Van’s civic and business leaders share the same opinions, and speak of the same hardships. Zahir Kantasoglu, President of the Van Chamber of Commerce and Industry, says “We have no hope for Van other than tourism.”

Mr. Kantasoglu continues: “4s everybody knows the curse of terrorism existed here for 20 years. Van’s folk and merchants lived through great hardship. Actually, nothing ever happened in the city of Van to damage tourism, but unfortunately no one even gave a thought to the region. During the years of 1919- 1980. When Van’s population was 150 000. The annual number of visitors was between 160 000 and 180 000, and people spoke about Van before they spoke about Antalya. We were very hurt when only 3 000 people visited our city last year, and the fact that things are picking up this year is pleasing. Van is a centre for tourism, we have tried hard to develop industry, but it just never took hold. Now, we are working together with our Governor to promote tourism, and as part of this effort, we have attended two fairs: prepared CDs and launched a project called “The Silk Road”. We have also cleaned up the area around Van Castle, and special lighting has been installed at both Van and Hosap Castles. The TURSAB President, Mr. Ulusoy, visited our Chamber and attended a regional meeting, where everyone from the various civic societies and NGOs (non-governmental organisation) shared their opinions and ideas with him. But, we haven’t seen any support from the Ministry of Tourism, and Lake Van has not been added to anyone’s agenda. Our biggest frustration is that the politicians have remained unresponsive to the region.”

Ferda Cemiloglu Project Coordinator of the Limited Responsibility Life, Women, Environment and Culture Administrative Cooperative.

One of the biggest surprises in Van is Ferda Cemiloglu. She is the recipient of one of the five awards presented to women by the United Nations, for her support to refugees. She is also a daughter of the famous Cemilogullari family of Diyarbakir and speaks five languages: Turkish; Persian; Arabic: Kurdish and English. After graduating from Hacettepe University, her goal was to work for “the people and labour” and she pursued this by working with NGOs in Turkey’s various provinces before finally arriving in Van. She now runs ‘Van House’, right next to Van Castle. Van House should serve as an example for many regions of Turkey. Everything, from its’ architecture and interior decoration, to the outfits worn by the personnel and the glasses used to serve drinks is authentically unique to Van.

Ms Qilaliogiu tells a story of her work in Van: “For one and a half years, while I was President of the Refugees and Immigrants Solidarity Association, an amazing dialogue took place between myself and the refugee women. Eventually, seven women got together with me, and we formed this co-operative. We put in a bid for Van House, struggled and won. And now, we are directing the efforts of those women. This used to be a place where no one got in easily, or came to with their families. Now, it is a place where people can come easily, a place that has become an example… We have also restored a house in the Selimbey neighbourhood, and have requested the support of other foundations and associations. Ultimately, we prepared a proposal, which we presented to the World Bank, this is for a 7 day women’s training programme, to start in September. We all work as volunteers, and need everyone’s support.”

Caribbean Cruises

Cruises to the Caribbean, South Seas and across the Mediterranean may still be booming, but nowadays more and more people are heading north – to the Land of the Midnight Sun.

Hurtigruten’ means ‘speedy route’ in Norwegian, and is the motto of the country’s traditional mail ships which have connected towns the length of Norway’s 2,700-kilometre west coast since 1893. Today, the combined cargo, passenger and cruise ships ply the coastline of Norway, from Bergen to Kirkenes, in six-and-a-halfdays, as well as passing through the vast Trollfjord and Geirangerfjord fiyords in the summer. As well as ensuring Norwegians up and down the coast get their letters on time, however, the Hurtigmten route has been transformed in recent decades into something entirely new – a tourist attraction of international renown. A survey on the theme of customer satisfaction carried out last season showed that no less than 96 percent of those questioned were highly satisfied’ with what they called the ‘most beautiful sea voyage in the world’. Almost 5,000 passengers took part in the survey – what greater evidence of people’s desire to travel the frozen North couldyou possibly want?

There is a huge amount to discover on the cruises, which offer repeated opportunities to watch the fascinating local fauna in their Arctic habitat, a harsh wilderness dominated by imposing glaciers and strikingly beautiful fjord landscapes. The coming year is a big one in polar history: polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen was bom isoyears ago, and it has been exactly a century since Roald Amundsen conquered the South Pole.

Hurtigruten is also celebrating the two polar heroes, as Captain Richard With founded the Hurtigruten line along the Norwegian coast in 1893, the same year Fridtjof Nansen set off for the Arctic Ocean on his newly-built research ship, Tram. Three years later, the Tram returned from the Arctic and Richard With established a shipping line from Norway to Spitzbergen with the intention of enabling travellers to experience the beauty of the Arctic world in icy reality. Hurtigruten has been offering sea voyages to the polar regions ever since. This historic connection with polar pioneers Nansen and Amundsen is being celebrated in 2011. On Hurtigruten’s expeditionary voyages aboard the MS Fram along the coasts of Spitzbergen and Greenland, travellers can see the fascinating Arctic summer up close, and together with Seetour Austria, Hurtigruten is offering cruises at attractive special prices from June to August 2011.

Private Balkan trip, images and videos for you to explore

Wake your senses up with private Balkan trip

A private Balkan trip in the Balkan countries means a good possibility to sink into the history of the region and put the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle together.

What is a better way to tease and wake your senses up than travelling? They say that travelling is the key to happiness. Do you believe it? I do. Join us and let’s find out together.

The countries on the Balkan Peninsula are all different and at the same time they share this ‘similar difference’. ‘The coffee we had tastes like the Turkish coffee but they call it Greek. Or, isn’t that dish the same as the one we had in the place, etc.’ These kinds of conversations probably look familiar to you. I am sure most of you experienced them and enjoyed them really much.

Our

Wake your senses up with private Balkan trip

A private Balkan trip in the Balkan countries means a good possibility to sink into the history of the region and put the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle together.

What is a better way to tease and wake your senses up than travelling? They say that travelling is the key to happiness. Do you believe it? I do. Join us and let’s find out together.

The countries on the Balkan Peninsula are all different and at the same time they share this ‘similar difference’. ‘The coffee we had tastes like the Turkish coffee but they call it Greek. Or, isn’t that dish the same as the one we had in the place, etc.’ These kinds of conversations probably look familiar to you. I am sure most of you experienced them and enjoyed them really much.

Our private Balkan trip travels around the Balkan countries and enjoys their most interesting, attractive and ‘have-great-stories-to-tell’ places.

Let’s take Albania, an ex-communist country with majestic beauty. This is a country that offers a great range of unique attractions and forgotten archaeological sites. However, it needed many years to take off as a challenging tourist destination.

While lacking beach resorts, Bosnia & Hercegovina easily compensates with great rafting rivers and waterfalls. The country is nature and architecture in harmony.

Bulgaria, another ex-communist country to fight and suffer the regime. The country offers a mystic blend of nature and history. Furthermore, there is a great range of adventures together with the different attractions.

The culturally rich Greece with its long aquamarine coastline, ancient ruins and welcoming people is impatient to meet you.

Private Balkan trip – teasing and inviting

And here comes Macedonia and the Ohrid Lake – beautiful sunsets. Macedonia is not different from the other Balkan countries. There you can definitely enjoy archaeological contrasts and be part of numerous adventures.

This article is copied from enmarbg. For more information, please visit www.enmarbg.com to see the complete article.

Danube

A Breath of Fresh Art on the Danube

Art town Krems and theWachau region are where high-value art meets a of world culture.

Three girls hold one another by the hand, their faces turned inwards and completely concealed by their long black hair. The secretive sculpture by German artist Simon Schubert is part of the current exhibition at the Kunsthalle Krems. Glance upwards for a moment, and you see yourself being watched by nothing but children’s eyes gazing down on visitors from the portraits all around. The exhibition “Of Angels and Rascals” is devoted – as always, with highly interesting cross-references – to children’s portraits spanning four centuries, and ranging from Francisco Ignacio Ruiz dela Iglesia to Maja Vukoje.

The factory used to be where Austria Tabak made its cigarettes, but since the congenial conversion by

A Breath of Fresh Art on the Danube

Art town Krems and theWachau region are where high-value art meets a of world culture.

Three girls hold one another by the hand, their faces turned inwards and completely concealed by their long black hair. The secretive sculpture by German artist Simon Schubert is part of the current exhibition at the Kunsthalle Krems. Glance upwards for a moment, and you see yourself being watched by nothing but children’s eyes gazing down on visitors from the portraits all around. The exhibition “Of Angels and Rascals” is devoted – as always, with highly interesting cross-references – to children’s portraits spanning four centuries, and ranging from Francisco Ignacio Ruiz dela Iglesia to Maja Vukoje.

The factory used to be where Austria Tabak made its cigarettes, but since the congenial conversion by Adolf Krischanitz was completed in 1995, what became the Kunsthalle Krems has rapidly established itself as one of the most important new exhibition spaces in Austria today. Illuminating associations spanning centuries are the norm rather than the exception here, and visitors to the exhibition in July – which fuses artists’ group Gelitin with British artist Sarah

Lucas and Hieronymus Bosch -can look forward to more of the same. Then it’s along the Art Mile for a brief look around Factory, the Kunsthalle’s window onyoung, contemporary art production, and the Forum Frohner, housed in Stein Minorite monastery, where a work by Frohner dating back to the 1960s is confronted by photos by Brassai and various pieces by graffiti artists – more curious cross-references, so it would seem. And then there’s Manfred Deix, of course: the oeuvre of the great Austrian caricaturist has been a pivotal focus of the Karikatur museum for ten years now, along with various temporary exhibitions and the guips of Gustav Peich l, who, in his second guise as an architect, was also responsible for the flat construction of the building with its wildly enhanced roof. You have to doubt, however, whether occupants of the notorious Stein Prison, which lies just over the road, have quite as much to laugh about as visitors to the Carikatur museum.

At the other end of the Art Mile, you can walk more or less directly onto a boat; what other museum, I wonder, can boast its own direct link to Danube shipping routes? After all these cultural pleasures, then, the time has come for us to devote our energies to the jaw-dropping natural beauty of these parts. And within a few minutes, we are sliding silently along atop the waves of a surprisingly fast-flowing Danube, aboard one of the dazzlingly white excursion ships that ply the stretch of the river leading through the wonderful green hills of the Wachau. It could all have been so different, so functional – but the hydroelectric power station that was to be built at Durnstein in the early seventies was eventually cancelled due to the vehement objection of the local population. So we move upstream not past billowing chimneys, but by following the idyllic twists and turns of the Danube instead. We slide past the much-photographed light-blue church tower of Durnstein monastery, the Gothic fortified church at Weifienkirchen and Schon- buhel Castle – resplendent upon its throne of solid rock over the water, and once the imposing home to the noble families who controlled the river here in the Middle Ages.

The banks of the river today are bordered by orchards, while countless rows of vineyards nestle above them in the hills in terraces that reach almost to the very top. It’s only as the impressive Melk monastery slides into view from behind the tall trees on the bank that you realise exactly why the Wachau has been a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site since 2000. Hardly any other stretch of land in Austria can boast such a heady mix of history, nature and cultural landscape.

Suddenly the ship’s captain moves up a gear, and we accelerate forwards. After turning round at Melk, the strong current takes us back downstream, only for all that natural splendour on the bank to rapidly retreat backwards, while the headwind ruffles the hairstyles of the passengers up on deck. And you wishyou could somehow take the strong breeze with you back into the museum-perhaps it would help you reveal the secrets hidden in the faces of the three girls in the Kunsthalle.

 

Money and Interest

Government Bonds Less Interest

When it comes to government bonds, on the other hand, the returns are less interesting. Mathias Bauer, head of Raiffeisen Capital Management: “Government bonds have long been classified as a safe haven for investment, but corporate papers are now preferable on risk grounds.” This is why Austria’s money experts in general are advising investors to alter their strategies. Franz Witt-Dorring, Head of UBS Austria: “Investors should not commit to any government bonds with a term longer than seven years, since such papers could come under pressure in the next 12 to 24 months.” Erste Bank expert Hollinger went on: “Investors should be reducing the average remaining term of their fixed-interest bonds held in security deposits. They should also consider shifting their fixed-interest securities into floaters.”

Private Banking Manager Ohswald:

Government Bonds Less Interest

When it comes to government bonds, on the other hand, the returns are less interesting. Mathias Bauer, head of Raiffeisen Capital Management: “Government bonds have long been classified as a safe haven for investment, but corporate papers are now preferable on risk grounds.” This is why Austria’s money experts in general are advising investors to alter their strategies. Franz Witt-Dorring, Head of UBS Austria: “Investors should not commit to any government bonds with a term longer than seven years, since such papers could come under pressure in the next 12 to 24 months.” Erste Bank expert Hollinger went on: “Investors should be reducing the average remaining term of their fixed-interest bonds held in security deposits. They should also consider shifting their fixed-interest securities into floaters.”

Private Banking Manager Ohswald: “Share funds which actively hedge the interest rate risk offer good opportunities. Investors should avoid funds which only display one index, however.”

This is why Ohswald is currently recommending that his well-heeled private banking clients invest in such items as the broadly-spread R2 Eurobond All Fonds, or the corporate share fund Euro Corporate Fonds. Vontobel Head Landesmann also finds corporate bonds a good way for aspiring investors to mix their money: “Thanks to the superior returns they offer compared to secure government bonds and the lively economic situation in the industrial sector, corporate securities are attractive.”

Creditworthiness also plays an important role, however, thanks to the returns that can be achieved. Bank Austria Private Banking Manager Danzmayr comments: “Those investing in corporate securities for the first time would be well-advised to go for securities of companies with a lower level of creditworthiness, since first-class credit ratings are already yielding lower returns than the government bonds of core Eurozone countries.” Erste Bank expert Hollinger also finds reasons to opt for securities with worse classifications: “Shares with ratings below the investment grade field show high liquidity. In addition to this, the low interest environment in the developed economies, better corporate data and falling rates of bankruptcy offer benefits.”

“Corporate papers are now preferable on riskgrounds”

The 10-year gold price in US dollars rose by around 420 percent. For Euro-investors, too, gold has been a good investment, yielding a return of some 250 percent. Despite the strong price increase, there is still room for it to rise further. UBS expert Witt-Dorring notes: “The gold price could rise to 1,650 dollars per ounce over the next year. For this forecast to come true, however, investor demand and demand for gold jewellery must continue to rise.

Purchases by central banks alone will not lead to higher prices.” To maintain a broad spread, gold should continue to have a place in investors’ portfolios. There are a number of different ways of buying into gold: you can buy physical gold, or invest in exchange traded funds which include gold. In addition to this, investors can buy gold shares. As Vontobel expert Landesmann puts it: “Gold plays the role of a buffer against risk during crisis situations. We are currently recommending to conservative investors that they put seven percent of their entire investment in gold and gold exchange traded funds. Since gold shares depend on the stock exchange trend, however, they don’t offer the same diversification benefit as physical gold.” RCM Head Bauer recommends that five percent of your money be kept in gold. Bauer: “If you want a broader spread, you should invest in gold and raw materials funds such as Raiffeisen Active Commodities.”