Black Beach Bulgarian

Under Omurtag (814 831, the southern Black Sea coast up to Debelt was recognized as Bulgarian. That happened in 815 with the signing of the 30-year peace treaty with Byzantium. The success of the Black Sea direction of Bulgarian policy was thus legalized.

After the stabilization of the seaside border up to Mount Strandzha, Kan Omurtag maintained the other important orientation of his foreign policy the orientation, started by Kan Krum, to the northwest towards the Slavs on the banks of Middle Danube, who were separated from Bulgaria by the Empire of the Franks. This is how the contemporaries perceived it (according to the so-called Fulden Chronicles — The Life of Charlemagne by Einhard):

In 827, “the Bulgarians sent troops in ships up the River Drava, plundered and burnt the land of the Slavs inhabiting Pannonia, drove away their kings and appointed Bulgarian governors”; in 829, “again the Bulgarians came in ships up the Drava, destroyed by fire some of our set

Below Omurtag (814 831, the southern Black Beach as much as Debelt was acknowledged as Bulgarian. That occurred in 815 with the signing of the 30-year peace treaty with Byzantium. The success of the Black Sea route of Bulgarian coverage was thus legalized.

After the stabilization of the seaside border as much as Mount Strandzha, Kan Omurtag maintained the opposite essential orientation of his international coverage the orientation, began by Kan Krum, to the northwest in direction of the Slavs on the banks of Center Danube, who had been separated from Bulgaria by the Empire of the Franks. That is how the contemporaries perceived it (in accordance with the so-called Fulden Chronicles — The Lifetime of Charlemagne by Einhard):

In 827, “the Bulgarians despatched troops in ships up the River Drava, plundered and burnt the land of the Slavs inhabiting Pannonia, drove away their kings and appointed Bulgarian governors”; in 829, “once more the Bulgarians got here in ships up the Drava, destroyed by hearth a few of our settlements close to the river”.

The Bulgarian “admiralty” of the interval is little doubt positioned in and recognized with the highly effective island fortress and port of modem Romanian Pakuiullui Soare Island that’s about 20 kilometers to the east of the Bulgarian fortress and port of Drustar (current Silistra). To this very day one can see the deep traces within the stone blocks of the quays on the island, left by the ropes with which they moored the ships.

Decrease Danube

The constructing of this fortress harbor as an “admiralty” is because of its distinctive political and army strategic location on Decrease Danube as an inside Bulgarian river. Drustar fortress harbor secured and guarded the direct connections of the capital Pliska, and later of Preslav to the Bulgarian lands to the north of the Danube, which stretched to the Carpathians.

As well as, along with Drustar, this island fortress harbor managed the commerce alongside the Danube and advantageously blocked the invasions of enemy (primarily Byzantine) fleets attempting to penetrate into the Danube from the Black Sea. That was carried out actively with ships and passively via lengthy chains lowered within the water, which linked the 2 riverbanks.

Kaliakra was one other essential fortress harbor on the north Black Beach of Bulgaria through the Seventh-Eighth-10th- 11th centuries. There the continuity between the Late Antiquity of Byzantium and the early medieval interval of Bulgaria is documented excellently. This fortress harbor performed a particularly essential army strategic and abroad commerce function for the Bulgarian state with its robust partitions, first-rate harbor space and quite a few all-purpose ships.

Bulgarian settlements

The succeeding structural hubs of Bulgarian settlements originated from this center. One of them was situated directly to the south in the region of present day Armenia. The other one was to the north leans of the Caspian Black Sea region, to the north of the central flows of the Volga River, along the valley of the Pechora River, stretching towards the Arctic Ocean. The densely populated Bulgarian area in the Middle Volga basin is dated archaeologically to the mid-8th century. Here are some excerpts from descriptions of those earliest settlements:

“He [Valarshak] came down to the green meadows near the Shara region, which was called Bezlesen or Upper Basean by the ancient people. Later, because of the Bulgarian Vhndur Buigarcolonista who had settled there, it was called after the name of their leader, Vanand…

The succeeding structural hubs of Bulgarian settlements originated from this heart. One in all them was located on to the south within the area of current day Armenia. The opposite one was to the north leans of the Caspian Black Sea area, to the north of the central flows of the Volga River, alongside the valley of the Pechora River, stretching in direction of the Arctic Ocean. The densely populated Bulgarian space within the Center Volga basin is dated archaeologically to the mid-Eighth century. Listed below are some excerpts from descriptions of these earliest settlements:

“He [Valarshak] got here right down to the inexperienced meadows close to the Shara area, which was referred to as Bezlesen or Higher Basean by the traditional folks. Later, due to the Bulgarian Vhndur Buigarcolonista who had settled there, it was referred to as after the identify of their chief, Vanand…

Caucasus Mountain

Within the days of Arshak, there was nice turmoil within the vary of the nice mountain of Caucasus, within the nation of the Bulgarians; lots of them separated and got here to our nation and settled below the Kol [Koh] within the fertile land the place grain was in abundance for a very long time”

From Historical past of Armenia by Movses Horenatsi. Chosen Sources on Bulgarian Historical past, Vol. 2, TANGRA Tanagra Publishing Home, Sofia, 2004.

Nonetheless farther west, 4 different cultural historic zones have been confirmed. The lands, which the settling Bulgarians was their new homeland, are in keeping with the distinctive Bulgarian setting within the publish Kubrat interval of Outdated Nice

Bulgarian Kan Asparuh

Bulgaria, the Bulgarians of Kan Asparuh, the inheritor of the traditional rulers’ dynasty of Dulo, conquered the lands to the south of the Dnepar River and within the east a part of the Balkan Peninsula between Decrease Danube, the Balkan Vary and the Black Sea. They transferred the middle of the state to Decrease Moesia and established the so-called Danube Bulgaria. It was the one, which made actual probably the most important achievements through the later improvement of the Bulgarian civilization.

The big literary supply Deeds of St Dimitar Solunski, speaks of the settling of Bulgarians within the area of the “Keramisia Discipline” (current Bitola Discipline) within the 670s, i.e. in current day Republic of Macedonia. The Panonian Bulgarians lived and fortified themselves within the plains of current day Hungary, alongside the Tisa River and within the Carpathian foothills. Bulgarian warriors and their households settled within the Italian Peninsula between the mountains and the ocean, to the east of the Apennines and alongside the Adriatic coast within the area of Benevento. In a brief interval, they turned the world from a desolate to a blessed land.

 

Bulgarian civilization values

If the goal of a group of people, united in a nation and organized in a state, is to be historically active in order to be creative, that group can create a culture. Culture, as behavior, is the actual task of a nation under any circumstances of its existence. It incorporates a divine spark when it teaches love of man.

The values of the Bulgarian civilization, which create the Bulgarian state of the spirit, are rooted firstly in the tradition of mutual coexistence. It was boom and established as early as the original fatherland in Central Asia. It is the source of the urban way of living, not in centers of the ancient Greek type (poleis, which were always victims of separatism), but in centralized, united dynastic countries. Slavery and slave trade did not exist in the urbanized fortified settlements of the Bulgarians.

Man was granted the status of a free citizen, soldier and owner; the rights of women were guaranteed, which is a mark of democracy in society. Archaeolo

If the objective of a bunch of individuals, united in a nation and arranged in a state, is to be traditionally energetic to be able to be inventive, that group can create a tradition. Tradition, as habits, is the precise job of a nation beneath any circumstances of its existence. It incorporates a divine spark when it teaches love of man.

The values of the Bulgarian civilization, which create the Bulgarian state of the spirit, are rooted firstly within the custom of mutual coexistence. It was growth and established as early as the unique fatherland in Central Asia. It’s the supply of the city way of life, not in facilities of the traditional Greek sort (poleis, which have been all the time victims of separatism), however in centralized, united dynastic nations. Slavery and slave commerce didn’t exist within the urbanized fortified settlements of the Bulgarians.

Man was granted the standing of a free citizen, soldier and proprietor; the rights of ladies have been assured, which is a mark of democracy in society. Archaeological evidences and written sources, referring to Antiquity and the entire medieval interval, to the Ottoman rule, to Bulgarian Revival and the Modem Time, show explicitly that within the cities and villages in any Bulgarian territory there have been individuals of various origin and social standing, who lived, labored and worshipped God as free males.

Bulgarian civilization denounced

The truth that Bulgarian civilization denounced and by no means employed slavery within the early interval of its growth explains the dearth of superb monuments of the Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Roman sort and divulges the nationwide psychology of the

Bulgarians. They’re often called freedom- loving, adamant, secure individuals who defend their neighborhood and state. In battle, they combat for his or her freedom as free males.

From their Eurasian homeland, the Bulgarians introduced a stable custom of spirituality, which harmonizes the divine and the human. This cult of the equilibrium within the Universe and in society materializes within the ritual complicated within the rocks close to the village of Madera, Shumen Area. Madera Horseman continues to be an unsolved image of Bulgarian statehood.

The hypotheses concerning the connection of this monument to the establishments and statehood, to faith and the cult of the horseman, to the calendar and time or, certainly, to all of those, attest its semantic richness. In accordance with newest analysis, the rock picture of Madera Aid will be outlined as a horoscope with parallels in Egypt, Syria and different historic states. A exactly timed monument and occasion are encoded within the reduction composition, that are of grandiose significance to Bulgarian statehood.

Banya Bashi Mosque Sightseeing Sofia

Banya Bashi Mosque, Molla Efendi or Kadi Seyfullah Mosque are all names of the only functioning mosque in Sofia. Once there used to be 70 mosques in Sofia, today though this is the only one left. A Muslim temple, a sightseeing Sofia, the mosque had been initiated and sponsored by the kadi of Sofia at that time. That was Kadi Seyfullah Efendi. The mosque had been built in memory of his dead wife.

sightseeing SofiaUntil the XVIII century centre of the European Ottoman possession was Sofia. Soon it became a big administrative and commercial centre. Many businessmen and travelleres from different regions of the empire visited the city. Sofia developed very quickly. Ottomans estimated the merits of Sofia more than a century later, after Constantine the Great exclaime

Banya Bashi Mosque, Molla Efendi or Kadi Seyfullah Mosque are all names of the one functioning mosque in Sofia. As soon as there was 70 mosques in Sofia, at this time although that is the one one left. A Muslim temple, a sightseeing Sofia, the mosque had been initiated and sponsored by the kadi of Sofia at the moment. That was Kadi Seyfullah Efendi. The mosque had been inbuilt reminiscence of his useless spouse.

sightseeing SofiaTill the XVIII century centre of the European Ottoman possession was Sofia. Quickly it grew to become an enormous administrative and industrial centre. Many businessmen and travelleres from completely different areas of the empire visited town. Sofia developed in a short time. Ottomans estimated the deserves of Sofia greater than a century later, after Constantine the Nice exclaimed that Sofia was his Rome. There was over 100 mosques, a Kervansaray, bedestens, madrasas, libraries, marble baths…

As much as the Liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman rule (1878), centre of Sofia was Banya Bashi Sq.. All the principle streets obtained collectively there. There was the carsi (the procuring road) and the Mineral Baths. There was a fountain, stalls. Even there was a pavillion the place they’d give free chilly mineral water for consuming. On the sq. one might see the graves of two notable donors of Sofia, Emin Dede and Molla Seyfullah Efendi.

The primary many years after the Liberation had been marked with the destroying of many mosques and church buildings. Banya Basi Mosque survives within the identify of religous tolerance.

Nonetheless, it seems to be its valuableness had by no means been estimated correctly. And the mosque has a terrific worth as a result of it was constructed by the architect and civil engineer Mimar Sinan. He was one of many genious architects on the planet.

Take your sneakers off, sightseeing Sofia

Sightseeing Sofia, Banya Bashi Mosque’s development was accomplished in 1566. It has 4 domes in the midst of which there’s a single minaret. The partitions of the mosque had been manufactured from stone and When one enters Banya Bashi Mosque, one goes by a fantastically constructed arcade supported by three stone pillars, which assist three domes coated in lead. The central room has the form of a dice with a semi-spherical dome supported and designed from exterior with half-archs. The dome is a common architectural method to embody the sky. Its fundamental goal is when one enters that room below it, to have the ability to really feel Good; and get nearer to Him.
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Gregorian calendar

The Julian and Gregorian calendars are the accepted conventions of measuring JL Linear Time today. The genesis-area I characteristics of any civilization, however,

I include different ways of counting the “time I which has flown” and the “time which is I left”. Along with that, during large periods of historical existence and also in some specific instances, types of time other than the Linear (calendar) one, can be thought of and used, such as Mythological, Cyclical and Agonal (competitive) times.

There are three major methods of measuring time length: Uranic-Earth circle, dynastic continuity and vegetative reproduction.

The realization of the time of on

The Julian and Gregorian calendars are the accepted conventions of measuring JL Linear Time at present. The genesis-area I traits of any civilization, nonetheless,

I embody other ways of counting the “time I which has flown” and the “time which is I left”. Together with that, throughout massive durations of historic existence and likewise in some particular situations, sorts of time aside from the Linear (calendar) one, could be considered and used, equivalent to Mythological, Cyclical and Agonal (aggressive) occasions.

There are three main strategies of measuring time size: Uranic-Earth circle, dynastic continuity and vegetative copy.

The belief of the time of 1’s personal being marks the distinction between the Bulgarians and the nomadic waves of horsemen, which reached and crossed the borders of the Roman Empire, persevering with to ransack it even after its decline. The Uranic-Earth circle is measured on the premise of centuries- lengthy observations and adopted experience, by way of an annual solar calendar, which strikes within the mechanism of a twelve-year cycle. The direct parallels with among the earliest evidenced methods of calculating the times, months and years, such because the Sumerian, Elam, Chinese language and Egyptian calendars, present that the traditional Bulgarian calendar of the pre-Christian epoch was good. The solar yr is structured by way of the so-called golden calendar quantity, due to which the variety of days is continually 364. They’re distributed in 4 seasons of three months every, with 52 weeks. The primary month of every season has 31 days and the opposite two I months have 30 days. The zero or first day of the astronomic yr, or its starting, coincided with the day of the winter solstice, round 20-21 December. With the introduction of the “golden calendar quantity”, every date is on the identical day of 1 and the identical I month and week.

Bulgarian calendar

The traces of the traditional Bulgarian calendar once more lead us to Central Asia in I 2500-300 BC when astronomical observations described the state of the celebs encoded I within the calendar cycle. The Bulgarians have been I destined to “break” the time barrier, to pre- I serve, develop and produce to us this distinctive product of historic japanese civilizations. Calendar information requires a I “studying” of the celebs, remark over the course of centuries of the dynamics of celestial configurations, collection of a cycle [ with which to enter the rhythm of the Cosmos and at last a constructive projection of the entire rhythm on what happens or Earth. The association of earthly occasions, nonetheless, signifies that the pure cosmos is to be changed into a social construction.

The first museum of Turkey

The first museum of Turkey: St.lrene

THE OTTOMAN BAND OF MUSICIANS HAD BEEN ORGANISING CONCERTS IN 1914 IN ST. IRENE, THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN ERA. THIS TRADITION CAUGHT AGAIN THANKS TO THE INTERNATIONAL ISTANBUL FESTIVAL STILL CONTINUES.

The works exhibited for the last time in St. Irene before being moved to Nigde in 1940. These works are now exposed in the Harbiye Military Museum. (The source of the photo is the Collection of Gokhan Akgura, Istanbul Encyclopedia)
The Roman Emperor Constantinus I. had called Hagia Sophia “,Holy Might” and he had named St.lrene “Divine Safety”. Built on the remains of the temples of Aphrodite, Artemis and Apollon at the beginning of the 4th century and where actually many concerts and art performances are staged, the edifice has a very active past. The church built on the outer courtyard of the Topkapi Palace h

The first museum of Turkey: St.lrene

THE OTTOMAN BAND OF MUSICIANS HAD BEEN ORGANISING CONCERTS IN 1914 IN ST. IRENE, THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN ERA. THIS TRADITION CAUGHT AGAIN THANKS TO THE INTERNATIONAL ISTANBUL FESTIVAL STILL CONTINUES.

The works exhibited for the last time in St. Irene before being moved to Nigde in 1940. These works are now exposed in the Harbiye Military Museum. (The source of the photo is the Collection of Gokhan Akgura, Istanbul Encyclopedia)
The Roman Emperor Constantinus I. had called Hagia Sophia “,Holy Might” and he had named St.lrene “Divine Safety”. Built on the remains of the temples of Aphrodite, Artemis and Apollon at the beginning of the 4th century and where actually many concerts and art performances are staged, the edifice has a very active past.

The church built on the outer courtyard of the Topkapi Palace had been burnt during the Nika rebellion and had been restored again with Hagia Sophia during the reign of the Emperor Justinianos. The three earthquakes happened in the 8th and 9th centuries had caused serious damages to the edifice.

After the conquest of Istanbul, the church had remained within the walls of “Sur-i Sultani” surrounding the Topkapi Palace and it had been used as arsenal until the reign of Ahmed III. The Ottomans hadn’t transformed the church into the mosque and had preferred to use it as warehouse first and then “museum”.

THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN

The edifice was restored in 1726 upon the order of Ahmed III. and it was opened to the public visit. Many precious collections, Qurans and trusts sent from various provinces of the empire were gathered here and an epitaph written “Daru’l-Esliha” was placed on the door. The edifice was pillaged during the Janissary rebellion and it was transformed again to an arsenal called “Army Arsenal” in 1839. In 1846, it was opened as the museum.

A view from the dome and some of the works exhibited in the edifice
The interior of St.Irene Church first museum of Turkey with its design composed of two divisions thanks to the undertaking of the Artillery Field Marshal Ahmed Fethi Pasha. In the first division, armors, helmets, swords, weapons and military devices were exhibited; the mummies, sarcophagi and epitaphs from Egypt were exposed in the second division.

The works exhibited in the second division were moved to Cinili Kosk (Pavilion with painted tiles) during the reign of Abdulhamid and thus, the first steps were taken for the construction of the actual Archaeology Museum. St. Irene losing its significance during the era of Abdulaziz was transformed again to the arsenal and remained in this state until the declaration of the 2nd Constitution…

A “museum commission” set up in 1908 began to collect again all precious works in St.Irene. The monthly allocation to the museum was 500 kurush (piaster); but this money was not enough at that time so an entrance fee was collected in order to rise the income; the fee was 100 para (one fortieth of a kurush) on Fridays and 4 kurush the other days.

The visitors were also able to try shootings by paying 40 kurush and to listen to various hymns at the organ playing music with I kurush. Some part of St.Irene was arranged as a cinema and the Ottoman band of musisians gave concerts for the first time in 1914. So the exceptional acoustics of the main room was discovered many years ago.

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Private Balkan trip, images and videos for you to explore

Wake your senses up with private Balkan trip

A private Balkan trip in the Balkan countries means a good possibility to sink into the history of the region and put the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle together.

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The countries on the Balkan Peninsula are all different and at the same time they share this ‘similar difference’. ‘The coffee we had tastes like the Turkish coffee but they call it Greek. Or, isn’t that dish the same as the one we had in the place, etc.’ These kinds of conversations probably look familiar to you. I am sure most of you experienced them and enjoyed them really much.

Our

Wake your senses up with private Balkan trip

A private Balkan trip in the Balkan countries means a good possibility to sink into the history of the region and put the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle together.

What is a better way to tease and wake your senses up than travelling? They say that travelling is the key to happiness. Do you believe it? I do. Join us and let’s find out together.

The countries on the Balkan Peninsula are all different and at the same time they share this ‘similar difference’. ‘The coffee we had tastes like the Turkish coffee but they call it Greek. Or, isn’t that dish the same as the one we had in the place, etc.’ These kinds of conversations probably look familiar to you. I am sure most of you experienced them and enjoyed them really much.

Our private Balkan trip travels around the Balkan countries and enjoys their most interesting, attractive and ‘have-great-stories-to-tell’ places.

Let’s take Albania, an ex-communist country with majestic beauty. This is a country that offers a great range of unique attractions and forgotten archaeological sites. However, it needed many years to take off as a challenging tourist destination.

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Bulgaria, another ex-communist country to fight and suffer the regime. The country offers a mystic blend of nature and history. Furthermore, there is a great range of adventures together with the different attractions.

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Private Balkan trip – teasing and inviting

And here comes Macedonia and the Ohrid Lake – beautiful sunsets. Macedonia is not different from the other Balkan countries. There you can definitely enjoy archaeological contrasts and be part of numerous adventures.

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