Black Beach Bulgarian

Under Omurtag (814 831, the southern Black Sea coast up to Debelt was recognized as Bulgarian. That happened in 815 with the signing of the 30-year peace treaty with Byzantium. The success of the Black Sea direction of Bulgarian policy was thus legalized.

After the stabilization of the seaside border up to Mount Strandzha, Kan Omurtag maintained the other important orientation of his foreign policy the orientation, started by Kan Krum, to the northwest towards the Slavs on the banks of Middle Danube, who were separated from Bulgaria by the Empire of the Franks. This is how the contemporaries perceived it (according to the so-called Fulden Chronicles — The Life of Charlemagne by Einhard):

In 827, “the Bulgarians sent troops in ships up the River Drava, plundered and burnt the land of the Slavs inhabiting Pannonia, drove away their kings and appointed Bulgarian governors”; in 829, “again the Bulgarians came in ships up the Drava, destroyed by fire some of our set

Below Omurtag (814 831, the southern Black Beach as much as Debelt was acknowledged as Bulgarian. That occurred in 815 with the signing of the 30-year peace treaty with Byzantium. The success of the Black Sea route of Bulgarian coverage was thus legalized.

After the stabilization of the seaside border as much as Mount Strandzha, Kan Omurtag maintained the opposite essential orientation of his international coverage the orientation, began by Kan Krum, to the northwest in direction of the Slavs on the banks of Center Danube, who had been separated from Bulgaria by the Empire of the Franks. That is how the contemporaries perceived it (in accordance with the so-called Fulden Chronicles — The Lifetime of Charlemagne by Einhard):

In 827, “the Bulgarians despatched troops in ships up the River Drava, plundered and burnt the land of the Slavs inhabiting Pannonia, drove away their kings and appointed Bulgarian governors”; in 829, “once more the Bulgarians got here in ships up the Drava, destroyed by hearth a few of our settlements close to the river”.

The Bulgarian “admiralty” of the interval is little doubt positioned in and recognized with the highly effective island fortress and port of modem Romanian Pakuiullui Soare Island that’s about 20 kilometers to the east of the Bulgarian fortress and port of Drustar (current Silistra). To this very day one can see the deep traces within the stone blocks of the quays on the island, left by the ropes with which they moored the ships.

Decrease Danube

The constructing of this fortress harbor as an “admiralty” is because of its distinctive political and army strategic location on Decrease Danube as an inside Bulgarian river. Drustar fortress harbor secured and guarded the direct connections of the capital Pliska, and later of Preslav to the Bulgarian lands to the north of the Danube, which stretched to the Carpathians.

As well as, along with Drustar, this island fortress harbor managed the commerce alongside the Danube and advantageously blocked the invasions of enemy (primarily Byzantine) fleets attempting to penetrate into the Danube from the Black Sea. That was carried out actively with ships and passively via lengthy chains lowered within the water, which linked the 2 riverbanks.

Kaliakra was one other essential fortress harbor on the north Black Beach of Bulgaria through the Seventh-Eighth-10th- 11th centuries. There the continuity between the Late Antiquity of Byzantium and the early medieval interval of Bulgaria is documented excellently. This fortress harbor performed a particularly essential army strategic and abroad commerce function for the Bulgarian state with its robust partitions, first-rate harbor space and quite a few all-purpose ships.

Bulgarian settlements

The succeeding structural hubs of Bulgarian settlements originated from this center. One of them was situated directly to the south in the region of present day Armenia. The other one was to the north leans of the Caspian Black Sea region, to the north of the central flows of the Volga River, along the valley of the Pechora River, stretching towards the Arctic Ocean. The densely populated Bulgarian area in the Middle Volga basin is dated archaeologically to the mid-8th century. Here are some excerpts from descriptions of those earliest settlements:

“He [Valarshak] came down to the green meadows near the Shara region, which was called Bezlesen or Upper Basean by the ancient people. Later, because of the Bulgarian Vhndur Buigarcolonista who had settled there, it was called after the name of their leader, Vanand…

The succeeding structural hubs of Bulgarian settlements originated from this heart. One in all them was located on to the south within the area of current day Armenia. The opposite one was to the north leans of the Caspian Black Sea area, to the north of the central flows of the Volga River, alongside the valley of the Pechora River, stretching in direction of the Arctic Ocean. The densely populated Bulgarian space within the Center Volga basin is dated archaeologically to the mid-Eighth century. Listed below are some excerpts from descriptions of these earliest settlements:

“He [Valarshak] got here right down to the inexperienced meadows close to the Shara area, which was referred to as Bezlesen or Higher Basean by the traditional folks. Later, due to the Bulgarian Vhndur Buigarcolonista who had settled there, it was referred to as after the identify of their chief, Vanand…

Caucasus Mountain

Within the days of Arshak, there was nice turmoil within the vary of the nice mountain of Caucasus, within the nation of the Bulgarians; lots of them separated and got here to our nation and settled below the Kol [Koh] within the fertile land the place grain was in abundance for a very long time”

From Historical past of Armenia by Movses Horenatsi. Chosen Sources on Bulgarian Historical past, Vol. 2, TANGRA Tanagra Publishing Home, Sofia, 2004.

Nonetheless farther west, 4 different cultural historic zones have been confirmed. The lands, which the settling Bulgarians was their new homeland, are in keeping with the distinctive Bulgarian setting within the publish Kubrat interval of Outdated Nice

Bulgarian Kan Asparuh

Bulgaria, the Bulgarians of Kan Asparuh, the inheritor of the traditional rulers’ dynasty of Dulo, conquered the lands to the south of the Dnepar River and within the east a part of the Balkan Peninsula between Decrease Danube, the Balkan Vary and the Black Sea. They transferred the middle of the state to Decrease Moesia and established the so-called Danube Bulgaria. It was the one, which made actual probably the most important achievements through the later improvement of the Bulgarian civilization.

The big literary supply Deeds of St Dimitar Solunski, speaks of the settling of Bulgarians within the area of the “Keramisia Discipline” (current Bitola Discipline) within the 670s, i.e. in current day Republic of Macedonia. The Panonian Bulgarians lived and fortified themselves within the plains of current day Hungary, alongside the Tisa River and within the Carpathian foothills. Bulgarian warriors and their households settled within the Italian Peninsula between the mountains and the ocean, to the east of the Apennines and alongside the Adriatic coast within the area of Benevento. In a brief interval, they turned the world from a desolate to a blessed land.

 

Bulgarian civilization values

If the goal of a group of people, united in a nation and organized in a state, is to be historically active in order to be creative, that group can create a culture. Culture, as behavior, is the actual task of a nation under any circumstances of its existence. It incorporates a divine spark when it teaches love of man.

The values of the Bulgarian civilization, which create the Bulgarian state of the spirit, are rooted firstly in the tradition of mutual coexistence. It was boom and established as early as the original fatherland in Central Asia. It is the source of the urban way of living, not in centers of the ancient Greek type (poleis, which were always victims of separatism), but in centralized, united dynastic countries. Slavery and slave trade did not exist in the urbanized fortified settlements of the Bulgarians.

Man was granted the status of a free citizen, soldier and owner; the rights of women were guaranteed, which is a mark of democracy in society. Archaeolo

If the objective of a bunch of individuals, united in a nation and arranged in a state, is to be traditionally energetic to be able to be inventive, that group can create a tradition. Tradition, as habits, is the precise job of a nation beneath any circumstances of its existence. It incorporates a divine spark when it teaches love of man.

The values of the Bulgarian civilization, which create the Bulgarian state of the spirit, are rooted firstly within the custom of mutual coexistence. It was growth and established as early as the unique fatherland in Central Asia. It’s the supply of the city way of life, not in facilities of the traditional Greek sort (poleis, which have been all the time victims of separatism), however in centralized, united dynastic nations. Slavery and slave commerce didn’t exist within the urbanized fortified settlements of the Bulgarians.

Man was granted the standing of a free citizen, soldier and proprietor; the rights of ladies have been assured, which is a mark of democracy in society. Archaeological evidences and written sources, referring to Antiquity and the entire medieval interval, to the Ottoman rule, to Bulgarian Revival and the Modem Time, show explicitly that within the cities and villages in any Bulgarian territory there have been individuals of various origin and social standing, who lived, labored and worshipped God as free males.

Bulgarian civilization denounced

The truth that Bulgarian civilization denounced and by no means employed slavery within the early interval of its growth explains the dearth of superb monuments of the Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Roman sort and divulges the nationwide psychology of the

Bulgarians. They’re often called freedom- loving, adamant, secure individuals who defend their neighborhood and state. In battle, they combat for his or her freedom as free males.

From their Eurasian homeland, the Bulgarians introduced a stable custom of spirituality, which harmonizes the divine and the human. This cult of the equilibrium within the Universe and in society materializes within the ritual complicated within the rocks close to the village of Madera, Shumen Area. Madera Horseman continues to be an unsolved image of Bulgarian statehood.

The hypotheses concerning the connection of this monument to the establishments and statehood, to faith and the cult of the horseman, to the calendar and time or, certainly, to all of those, attest its semantic richness. In accordance with newest analysis, the rock picture of Madera Aid will be outlined as a horoscope with parallels in Egypt, Syria and different historic states. A exactly timed monument and occasion are encoded within the reduction composition, that are of grandiose significance to Bulgarian statehood.

Banya Bashi Mosque Sightseeing Sofia

Banya Bashi Mosque, Molla Efendi or Kadi Seyfullah Mosque are all names of the only functioning mosque in Sofia. Once there used to be 70 mosques in Sofia, today though this is the only one left. A Muslim temple, a sightseeing Sofia, the mosque had been initiated and sponsored by the kadi of Sofia at that time. That was Kadi Seyfullah Efendi. The mosque had been built in memory of his dead wife.

sightseeing SofiaUntil the XVIII century centre of the European Ottoman possession was Sofia. Soon it became a big administrative and commercial centre. Many businessmen and travelleres from different regions of the empire visited the city. Sofia developed very quickly. Ottomans estimated the merits of Sofia more than a century later, after Constantine the Great exclaime

Banya Bashi Mosque, Molla Efendi or Kadi Seyfullah Mosque are all names of the one functioning mosque in Sofia. As soon as there was 70 mosques in Sofia, at this time although that is the one one left. A Muslim temple, a sightseeing Sofia, the mosque had been initiated and sponsored by the kadi of Sofia at the moment. That was Kadi Seyfullah Efendi. The mosque had been inbuilt reminiscence of his useless spouse.

sightseeing SofiaTill the XVIII century centre of the European Ottoman possession was Sofia. Quickly it grew to become an enormous administrative and industrial centre. Many businessmen and travelleres from completely different areas of the empire visited town. Sofia developed in a short time. Ottomans estimated the deserves of Sofia greater than a century later, after Constantine the Nice exclaimed that Sofia was his Rome. There was over 100 mosques, a Kervansaray, bedestens, madrasas, libraries, marble baths…

As much as the Liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman rule (1878), centre of Sofia was Banya Bashi Sq.. All the principle streets obtained collectively there. There was the carsi (the procuring road) and the Mineral Baths. There was a fountain, stalls. Even there was a pavillion the place they’d give free chilly mineral water for consuming. On the sq. one might see the graves of two notable donors of Sofia, Emin Dede and Molla Seyfullah Efendi.

The primary many years after the Liberation had been marked with the destroying of many mosques and church buildings. Banya Basi Mosque survives within the identify of religous tolerance.

Nonetheless, it seems to be its valuableness had by no means been estimated correctly. And the mosque has a terrific worth as a result of it was constructed by the architect and civil engineer Mimar Sinan. He was one of many genious architects on the planet.

Take your sneakers off, sightseeing Sofia

Sightseeing Sofia, Banya Bashi Mosque’s development was accomplished in 1566. It has 4 domes in the midst of which there’s a single minaret. The partitions of the mosque had been manufactured from stone and When one enters Banya Bashi Mosque, one goes by a fantastically constructed arcade supported by three stone pillars, which assist three domes coated in lead. The central room has the form of a dice with a semi-spherical dome supported and designed from exterior with half-archs. The dome is a common architectural method to embody the sky. Its fundamental goal is when one enters that room below it, to have the ability to really feel Good; and get nearer to Him.
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Gregorian calendar

The Julian and Gregorian calendars are the accepted conventions of measuring JL Linear Time today. The genesis-area I characteristics of any civilization, however,

I include different ways of counting the “time I which has flown” and the “time which is I left”. Along with that, during large periods of historical existence and also in some specific instances, types of time other than the Linear (calendar) one, can be thought of and used, such as Mythological, Cyclical and Agonal (competitive) times.

There are three major methods of measuring time length: Uranic-Earth circle, dynastic continuity and vegetative reproduction.

The realization of the time of on

The Julian and Gregorian calendars are the accepted conventions of measuring JL Linear Time at present. The genesis-area I traits of any civilization, nonetheless,

I embody other ways of counting the “time I which has flown” and the “time which is I left”. Together with that, throughout massive durations of historic existence and likewise in some particular situations, sorts of time aside from the Linear (calendar) one, could be considered and used, equivalent to Mythological, Cyclical and Agonal (aggressive) occasions.

There are three main strategies of measuring time size: Uranic-Earth circle, dynastic continuity and vegetative copy.

The belief of the time of 1’s personal being marks the distinction between the Bulgarians and the nomadic waves of horsemen, which reached and crossed the borders of the Roman Empire, persevering with to ransack it even after its decline. The Uranic-Earth circle is measured on the premise of centuries- lengthy observations and adopted experience, by way of an annual solar calendar, which strikes within the mechanism of a twelve-year cycle. The direct parallels with among the earliest evidenced methods of calculating the times, months and years, such because the Sumerian, Elam, Chinese language and Egyptian calendars, present that the traditional Bulgarian calendar of the pre-Christian epoch was good. The solar yr is structured by way of the so-called golden calendar quantity, due to which the variety of days is continually 364. They’re distributed in 4 seasons of three months every, with 52 weeks. The primary month of every season has 31 days and the opposite two I months have 30 days. The zero or first day of the astronomic yr, or its starting, coincided with the day of the winter solstice, round 20-21 December. With the introduction of the “golden calendar quantity”, every date is on the identical day of 1 and the identical I month and week.

Bulgarian calendar

The traces of the traditional Bulgarian calendar once more lead us to Central Asia in I 2500-300 BC when astronomical observations described the state of the celebs encoded I within the calendar cycle. The Bulgarians have been I destined to “break” the time barrier, to pre- I serve, develop and produce to us this distinctive product of historic japanese civilizations. Calendar information requires a I “studying” of the celebs, remark over the course of centuries of the dynamics of celestial configurations, collection of a cycle [ with which to enter the rhythm of the Cosmos and at last a constructive projection of the entire rhythm on what happens or Earth. The association of earthly occasions, nonetheless, signifies that the pure cosmos is to be changed into a social construction.

The first museum of Turkey

The first museum of Turkey: St.lrene

THE OTTOMAN BAND OF MUSICIANS HAD BEEN ORGANISING CONCERTS IN 1914 IN ST. IRENE, THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN ERA. THIS TRADITION CAUGHT AGAIN THANKS TO THE INTERNATIONAL ISTANBUL FESTIVAL STILL CONTINUES.

The works exhibited for the last time in St. Irene before being moved to Nigde in 1940. These works are now exposed in the Harbiye Military Museum. (The source of the photo is the Collection of Gokhan Akgura, Istanbul Encyclopedia)
The Roman Emperor Constantinus I. had called Hagia Sophia “,Holy Might” and he had named St.lrene “Divine Safety”. Built on the remains of the temples of Aphrodite, Artemis and Apollon at the beginning of the 4th century and where actually many concerts and art performances are staged, the edifice has a very active past. The church built on the outer courtyard of the Topkapi Palace h

The first museum of Turkey: St.lrene

THE OTTOMAN BAND OF MUSICIANS HAD BEEN ORGANISING CONCERTS IN 1914 IN ST. IRENE, THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN ERA. THIS TRADITION CAUGHT AGAIN THANKS TO THE INTERNATIONAL ISTANBUL FESTIVAL STILL CONTINUES.

The works exhibited for the last time in St. Irene before being moved to Nigde in 1940. These works are now exposed in the Harbiye Military Museum. (The source of the photo is the Collection of Gokhan Akgura, Istanbul Encyclopedia)
The Roman Emperor Constantinus I. had called Hagia Sophia “,Holy Might” and he had named St.lrene “Divine Safety”. Built on the remains of the temples of Aphrodite, Artemis and Apollon at the beginning of the 4th century and where actually many concerts and art performances are staged, the edifice has a very active past.

The church built on the outer courtyard of the Topkapi Palace had been burnt during the Nika rebellion and had been restored again with Hagia Sophia during the reign of the Emperor Justinianos. The three earthquakes happened in the 8th and 9th centuries had caused serious damages to the edifice.

After the conquest of Istanbul, the church had remained within the walls of “Sur-i Sultani” surrounding the Topkapi Palace and it had been used as arsenal until the reign of Ahmed III. The Ottomans hadn’t transformed the church into the mosque and had preferred to use it as warehouse first and then “museum”.

THE FIRST MUSEUM OF THE OTTOMAN

The edifice was restored in 1726 upon the order of Ahmed III. and it was opened to the public visit. Many precious collections, Qurans and trusts sent from various provinces of the empire were gathered here and an epitaph written “Daru’l-Esliha” was placed on the door. The edifice was pillaged during the Janissary rebellion and it was transformed again to an arsenal called “Army Arsenal” in 1839. In 1846, it was opened as the museum.

A view from the dome and some of the works exhibited in the edifice
The interior of St.Irene Church first museum of Turkey with its design composed of two divisions thanks to the undertaking of the Artillery Field Marshal Ahmed Fethi Pasha. In the first division, armors, helmets, swords, weapons and military devices were exhibited; the mummies, sarcophagi and epitaphs from Egypt were exposed in the second division.

The works exhibited in the second division were moved to Cinili Kosk (Pavilion with painted tiles) during the reign of Abdulhamid and thus, the first steps were taken for the construction of the actual Archaeology Museum. St. Irene losing its significance during the era of Abdulaziz was transformed again to the arsenal and remained in this state until the declaration of the 2nd Constitution…

A “museum commission” set up in 1908 began to collect again all precious works in St.Irene. The monthly allocation to the museum was 500 kurush (piaster); but this money was not enough at that time so an entrance fee was collected in order to rise the income; the fee was 100 para (one fortieth of a kurush) on Fridays and 4 kurush the other days.

The visitors were also able to try shootings by paying 40 kurush and to listen to various hymns at the organ playing music with I kurush. Some part of St.Irene was arranged as a cinema and the Ottoman band of musisians gave concerts for the first time in 1914. So the exceptional acoustics of the main room was discovered many years ago.

This article is published for EnmarBg. For more interesting information about adventure Bulgaria tour, please visit adventure bulgaria tour .

Portraits of Van

Nearly all of Van’s civic and business leaders share the same opinions, and speak of the same hardships. Zahir Kantasoglu, President of the Van Chamber of Commerce and Industry, says “We have no hope for Van other than tourism.”

Mr. Kantasoglu continues: “4s everybody knows the curse of terrorism existed here for 20 years. Van’s folk and merchants lived through great hardship. Actually, nothing ever happened in the city of Van to damage tourism, but unfortunately no one even gave a thought to the region. During the years of 1919- 1980. When Van’s population was 150 000. The annual number of visitors was between 160 000 and 180 000, and people spoke about Van before they spoke about Antalya. We were very hurt when only 3 000 people visited our city last year, and the fact that things are picking up this year is pleasing. Van is a centre for tourism, we have tried hard to develop industry, but it just never took hold. Now, we are working together with our Governor to promote tourism, and as part of this effort, we have attended two fairs: prepared CDs and launched a project called “The Silk Road”. We have also cleaned up the area around Van Castle, and special lighting has been installed at both Van and Hosap Castles. The TURSAB President, Mr. Ulusoy, visited our Chamber and attended a regional meeting, where everyone from the various civic societies and NGOs (non-governmental organisation) shared their opinions and ideas with him. But, we haven’t seen any support from the Ministry of Tourism, and Lake Van has not been added to anyone’s agenda. Our biggest frustration is that the politicians have remained unresponsive to the region.”

Ferda Cemiloglu Project Coordinator of the Limited Responsibility Life, Women, Environment and Culture Administrative Cooperative.

One of the biggest surprises in Van is Ferda Cemiloglu. She is the recipient of one of the five awards presented to women by the United Nations, for her support to refugees. She is also a daughter of the famous Cemilogullari family of Diyarbakir and speaks five languages: Turkish; Persian; Arabic: Kurdish and English. After graduating from Hacettepe University, her goal was to work for “the people and labour” and she pursued this by working with NGOs in Turkey’s various provinces before finally arriving in Van. She now runs ‘Van House’, right next to Van Castle. Van House should serve as an example for many regions of Turkey. Everything, from its’ architecture and interior decoration, to the outfits worn by the personnel and the glasses used to serve drinks is authentically unique to Van.

Ms Qilaliogiu tells a story of her work in Van: “For one and a half years, while I was President of the Refugees and Immigrants Solidarity Association, an amazing dialogue took place between myself and the refugee women. Eventually, seven women got together with me, and we formed this co-operative. We put in a bid for Van House, struggled and won. And now, we are directing the efforts of those women. This used to be a place where no one got in easily, or came to with their families. Now, it is a place where people can come easily, a place that has become an example… We have also restored a house in the Selimbey neighbourhood, and have requested the support of other foundations and associations. Ultimately, we prepared a proposal, which we presented to the World Bank, this is for a 7 day women’s training programme, to start in September. We all work as volunteers, and need everyone’s support.”

Caribbean Cruises

Cruises to the Caribbean, South Seas and across the Mediterranean may still be booming, but nowadays more and more people are heading north – to the Land of the Midnight Sun.

Hurtigruten’ means ‘speedy route’ in Norwegian, and is the motto of the country’s traditional mail ships which have connected towns the length of Norway’s 2,700-kilometre west coast since 1893. Today, the combined cargo, passenger and cruise ships ply the coastline of Norway, from Bergen to Kirkenes, in six-and-a-halfdays, as well as passing through the vast Trollfjord and Geirangerfjord fiyords in the summer. As well as ensuring Norwegians up and down the coast get their letters on time, however, the Hurtigmten route has been transformed in recent decades into something entirely new – a tourist attraction of international renown. A survey on the theme of customer satisfaction carried out last season showed that no less than 96 percent of those questioned were highly satisfied’ with what they called the ‘most beautiful sea voyage in the world’. Almost 5,000 passengers took part in the survey – what greater evidence of people’s desire to travel the frozen North couldyou possibly want?

There is a huge amount to discover on the cruises, which offer repeated opportunities to watch the fascinating local fauna in their Arctic habitat, a harsh wilderness dominated by imposing glaciers and strikingly beautiful fjord landscapes. The coming year is a big one in polar history: polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen was bom isoyears ago, and it has been exactly a century since Roald Amundsen conquered the South Pole.

Hurtigruten is also celebrating the two polar heroes, as Captain Richard With founded the Hurtigruten line along the Norwegian coast in 1893, the same year Fridtjof Nansen set off for the Arctic Ocean on his newly-built research ship, Tram. Three years later, the Tram returned from the Arctic and Richard With established a shipping line from Norway to Spitzbergen with the intention of enabling travellers to experience the beauty of the Arctic world in icy reality. Hurtigruten has been offering sea voyages to the polar regions ever since. This historic connection with polar pioneers Nansen and Amundsen is being celebrated in 2011. On Hurtigruten’s expeditionary voyages aboard the MS Fram along the coasts of Spitzbergen and Greenland, travellers can see the fascinating Arctic summer up close, and together with Seetour Austria, Hurtigruten is offering cruises at attractive special prices from June to August 2011.

Private Balkan trip, images and videos for you to explore

Wake your senses up with private Balkan trip

A private Balkan trip in the Balkan countries means a good possibility to sink into the history of the region and put the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle together.

What is a better way to tease and wake your senses up than travelling? They say that travelling is the key to happiness. Do you believe it? I do. Join us and let’s find out together.

The countries on the Balkan Peninsula are all different and at the same time they share this ‘similar difference’. ‘The coffee we had tastes like the Turkish coffee but they call it Greek. Or, isn’t that dish the same as the one we had in the place, etc.’ These kinds of conversations probably look familiar to you. I am sure most of you experienced them and enjoyed them really much.

Our

Wake your senses up with private Balkan trip

A private Balkan trip in the Balkan countries means a good possibility to sink into the history of the region and put the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle together.

What is a better way to tease and wake your senses up than travelling? They say that travelling is the key to happiness. Do you believe it? I do. Join us and let’s find out together.

The countries on the Balkan Peninsula are all different and at the same time they share this ‘similar difference’. ‘The coffee we had tastes like the Turkish coffee but they call it Greek. Or, isn’t that dish the same as the one we had in the place, etc.’ These kinds of conversations probably look familiar to you. I am sure most of you experienced them and enjoyed them really much.

Our private Balkan trip travels around the Balkan countries and enjoys their most interesting, attractive and ‘have-great-stories-to-tell’ places.

Let’s take Albania, an ex-communist country with majestic beauty. This is a country that offers a great range of unique attractions and forgotten archaeological sites. However, it needed many years to take off as a challenging tourist destination.

While lacking beach resorts, Bosnia & Hercegovina easily compensates with great rafting rivers and waterfalls. The country is nature and architecture in harmony.

Bulgaria, another ex-communist country to fight and suffer the regime. The country offers a mystic blend of nature and history. Furthermore, there is a great range of adventures together with the different attractions.

The culturally rich Greece with its long aquamarine coastline, ancient ruins and welcoming people is impatient to meet you.

Private Balkan trip – teasing and inviting

And here comes Macedonia and the Ohrid Lake – beautiful sunsets. Macedonia is not different from the other Balkan countries. There you can definitely enjoy archaeological contrasts and be part of numerous adventures.

This article is copied from EnmarBg. For more information, please visit private balkan trip to see the complete article.

Danube

A Breath of Fresh Art on the Danube

Art town Krems and theWachau region are where high-value art meets a of world culture.

Three girls hold one another by the hand, their faces turned inwards and completely concealed by their long black hair. The secretive sculpture by German artist Simon Schubert is part of the current exhibition at the Kunsthalle Krems. Glance upwards for a moment, and you see yourself being watched by nothing but children’s eyes gazing down on visitors from the portraits all around. The exhibition “Of Angels and Rascals” is devoted – as always, with highly interesting cross-references – to children’s portraits spanning four centuries, and ranging from Francisco Ignacio Ruiz dela Iglesia to Maja Vukoje.

The factory used to be where Austria Tabak made its cigarettes, but since the congenial conversion by

A Breath of Fresh Art on the Danube

Art town Krems and theWachau region are where high-value art meets a of world culture.

Three girls hold one another by the hand, their faces turned inwards and completely concealed by their long black hair. The secretive sculpture by German artist Simon Schubert is part of the current exhibition at the Kunsthalle Krems. Glance upwards for a moment, and you see yourself being watched by nothing but children’s eyes gazing down on visitors from the portraits all around. The exhibition “Of Angels and Rascals” is devoted – as always, with highly interesting cross-references – to children’s portraits spanning four centuries, and ranging from Francisco Ignacio Ruiz dela Iglesia to Maja Vukoje.

The factory used to be where Austria Tabak made its cigarettes, but since the congenial conversion by Adolf Krischanitz was completed in 1995, what became the Kunsthalle Krems has rapidly established itself as one of the most important new exhibition spaces in Austria today. Illuminating associations spanning centuries are the norm rather than the exception here, and visitors to the exhibition in July – which fuses artists’ group Gelitin with British artist Sarah

Lucas and Hieronymus Bosch -can look forward to more of the same. Then it’s along the Art Mile for a brief look around Factory, the Kunsthalle’s window onyoung, contemporary art production, and the Forum Frohner, housed in Stein Minorite monastery, where a work by Frohner dating back to the 1960s is confronted by photos by Brassai and various pieces by graffiti artists – more curious cross-references, so it would seem. And then there’s Manfred Deix, of course: the oeuvre of the great Austrian caricaturist has been a pivotal focus of the Karikatur museum for ten years now, along with various temporary exhibitions and the guips of Gustav Peich l, who, in his second guise as an architect, was also responsible for the flat construction of the building with its wildly enhanced roof. You have to doubt, however, whether occupants of the notorious Stein Prison, which lies just over the road, have quite as much to laugh about as visitors to the Carikatur museum.

At the other end of the Art Mile, you can walk more or less directly onto a boat; what other museum, I wonder, can boast its own direct link to Danube shipping routes? After all these cultural pleasures, then, the time has come for us to devote our energies to the jaw-dropping natural beauty of these parts. And within a few minutes, we are sliding silently along atop the waves of a surprisingly fast-flowing Danube, aboard one of the dazzlingly white excursion ships that ply the stretch of the river leading through the wonderful green hills of the Wachau. It could all have been so different, so functional – but the hydroelectric power station that was to be built at Durnstein in the early seventies was eventually cancelled due to the vehement objection of the local population. So we move upstream not past billowing chimneys, but by following the idyllic twists and turns of the Danube instead. We slide past the much-photographed light-blue church tower of Durnstein monastery, the Gothic fortified church at Weifienkirchen and Schon- buhel Castle – resplendent upon its throne of solid rock over the water, and once the imposing home to the noble families who controlled the river here in the Middle Ages.

The banks of the river today are bordered by orchards, while countless rows of vineyards nestle above them in the hills in terraces that reach almost to the very top. It’s only as the impressive Melk monastery slides into view from behind the tall trees on the bank that you realise exactly why the Wachau has been a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site since 2000. Hardly any other stretch of land in Austria can boast such a heady mix of history, nature and cultural landscape.

Suddenly the ship’s captain moves up a gear, and we accelerate forwards. After turning round at Melk, the strong current takes us back downstream, only for all that natural splendour on the bank to rapidly retreat backwards, while the headwind ruffles the hairstyles of the passengers up on deck. And you wishyou could somehow take the strong breeze with you back into the museum-perhaps it would help you reveal the secrets hidden in the faces of the three girls in the Kunsthalle.

 

Money and Interest

Government Bonds Less Interest

When it comes to government bonds, on the other hand, the returns are less interesting. Mathias Bauer, head of Raiffeisen Capital Management: “Government bonds have long been classified as a safe haven for investment, but corporate papers are now preferable on risk grounds.” This is why Austria’s money experts in general are advising investors to alter their strategies. Franz Witt-Dorring, Head of UBS Austria: “Investors should not commit to any government bonds with a term longer than seven years, since such papers could come under pressure in the next 12 to 24 months.” Erste Bank expert Hollinger went on: “Investors should be reducing the average remaining term of their fixed-interest bonds held in security deposits. They should also consider shifting their fixed-interest securities into floaters.”

Private Banking Manager Ohswald:

Government Bonds Less Interest

When it comes to government bonds, on the other hand, the returns are less interesting. Mathias Bauer, head of Raiffeisen Capital Management: “Government bonds have long been classified as a safe haven for investment, but corporate papers are now preferable on risk grounds.” This is why Austria’s money experts in general are advising investors to alter their strategies. Franz Witt-Dorring, Head of UBS Austria: “Investors should not commit to any government bonds with a term longer than seven years, since such papers could come under pressure in the next 12 to 24 months.” Erste Bank expert Hollinger went on: “Investors should be reducing the average remaining term of their fixed-interest bonds held in security deposits. They should also consider shifting their fixed-interest securities into floaters.”

Private Banking Manager Ohswald: “Share funds which actively hedge the interest rate risk offer good opportunities. Investors should avoid funds which only display one index, however.”

This is why Ohswald is currently recommending that his well-heeled private banking clients invest in such items as the broadly-spread R2 Eurobond All Fonds, or the corporate share fund Euro Corporate Fonds. Vontobel Head Landesmann also finds corporate bonds a good way for aspiring investors to mix their money: “Thanks to the superior returns they offer compared to secure government bonds and the lively economic situation in the industrial sector, corporate securities are attractive.”

Creditworthiness also plays an important role, however, thanks to the returns that can be achieved. Bank Austria Private Banking Manager Danzmayr comments: “Those investing in corporate securities for the first time would be well-advised to go for securities of companies with a lower level of creditworthiness, since first-class credit ratings are already yielding lower returns than the government bonds of core Eurozone countries.” Erste Bank expert Hollinger also finds reasons to opt for securities with worse classifications: “Shares with ratings below the investment grade field show high liquidity. In addition to this, the low interest environment in the developed economies, better corporate data and falling rates of bankruptcy offer benefits.”

“Corporate papers are now preferable on riskgrounds”

The 10-year gold price in US dollars rose by around 420 percent. For Euro-investors, too, gold has been a good investment, yielding a return of some 250 percent. Despite the strong price increase, there is still room for it to rise further. UBS expert Witt-Dorring notes: “The gold price could rise to 1,650 dollars per ounce over the next year. For this forecast to come true, however, investor demand and demand for gold jewellery must continue to rise.

Purchases by central banks alone will not lead to higher prices.” To maintain a broad spread, gold should continue to have a place in investors’ portfolios. There are a number of different ways of buying into gold: you can buy physical gold, or invest in exchange traded funds which include gold. In addition to this, investors can buy gold shares. As Vontobel expert Landesmann puts it: “Gold plays the role of a buffer against risk during crisis situations. We are currently recommending to conservative investors that they put seven percent of their entire investment in gold and gold exchange traded funds. Since gold shares depend on the stock exchange trend, however, they don’t offer the same diversification benefit as physical gold.” RCM Head Bauer recommends that five percent of your money be kept in gold. Bauer: “If you want a broader spread, you should invest in gold and raw materials funds such as Raiffeisen Active Commodities.”